The United States of America is a Federal Republic in North America. With a population of 300 million, it is a leading economic and political power, both regionally and globally. The United States’ unique geographical position enables close ties to both Europe and Asia. As a result of its historical ties to Europe, the United States’ relationship with this region has guided and shaped many of its governmental policies and activities.
The United States has been an active participant in the OSCE’s governance and activities since the organization’s conception. As one of the 35 original signatory states to The Helsinki Final Act in 1975, the United States welcomed the opportunity for multi-lateral cooperation on issues of great importance, such as arms control and human rights. The OSCE’s aims align with the United States’ broader foreign policy goals in the region of promoting a stable and free Europe. The United States’ Mission to the OSCE in Vienna, Austria is composed of over 30 personnel from several different government agencies. As well as representing the United States at the OSCE’s Permanent Council and the Forum for Security Cooperation, the Mission monitors the implementation of Conventional Armed Forces in Europe Treaty and supports the OSCE Office for Democratic Institutions and Human Rights. Collaboration with the OSCE also enables the United States’ engagement in political negotiations aimed at resolving conflicts in the region. The United States Congress is actively involved in policy towards the OSCE and the Washington-based Commission on Security and Cooperation in Europe facilitates this relationship.