Human rights within states are crucial to security among states. Prioritizing respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms, defending the principles of liberty, and encouraging tolerance within societies must be at the forefront of America's foreign policy agenda. Peace, security, and prosperity cannot be sustained if national governments repress their citizens, stifle their media, or imprison members of the political opposition. Authoritarian regimes become increasingly unstable as citizens chafe under the bonds of persecution and violence, and pose a danger not only to their citizens, but also to neighboring nations. The Helsinki Commission strives to ensure that the protection of human rights and defense of democratic values are central to U.S. foreign policy; that they are applied consistently in U.S. relations with other countries; that violations of Helsinki provisions are given full consideration in U.S. policymaking; and that the United States holds those who repress their citizens accountable for their actions. This includes battling corruption; protecting the fundamental freedoms of all people, especially those who historically have been persecuted and marginalized; promoting the sustainable management of resources; and balancing national security interests with respect for human rights to achieve long-term positive outcomes rather than short-term gains.
Monaco has been an OSCE participating State since June 25, 1973. Monaco is a constitutional monarchy situated next to France whose economy primarily comprises services and banking, tourism, and some manufacturing.
A member of the Council of Europe, with a population of close to forty thousand, Monaco is one of the smallest independent nations in the world. Its population of just over 30,500 is 47 percent French, 16 percent Monegasque, and 16 percent Italian. Eighty-six percent of its population is Christian, 11.7 percent is unaffiliated, 1.7 percent of the population is Jewish, and 0.4 percent is Muslim.
Monaco has been the site of several OSCE and OSCE PA meetings over the years, including meetings focused on OSCE Mediterranean Partners. Monaco’s elections have also been periodically observed by the OSCE, and OSCE/ODIHR has questioned Monaco on non-discrimination commitments related to reporting hate crimes data.
Staff Contact: Mischa Thompson, senior policy advisor