The Helsinki Commission Chairman and Co-Chairman are selected by the President of the Senate and Speaker of the House and rotate their positions between the chambers with each new Congress, or every two years.  The current Chairman is Senator Roger F. Wicker of Mississippi. Representative Christopher H. Smith of New Jersey is the Co-Chairman of the Commission.

Previous Commission chairs have included Representatives Dante B. Fascell of Florida, Steny H. Hoyer of Maryland and Alcee L. Hastings of Florida; and Senators Ben Cardin of Maryland, Alfonse M. D’Amato of New York, Dennis D. DeConcini of Arizona, Ben Nighthorse Campbell of Colorado and Sam Brownback of Kansas. Senators Claiborne Pell of Rhode Island and Bob Dole of Kansas previously served as co-chairs.