Head of U.S. Delegation
OSCE Parliamentary Assembly
Conference on Religious Freedom
October 9-10, 2003
Roundtable on Religious Freedom and Democracy
Anyone with even a cursory understanding of U.S. history knows that the United States was founded as a safe haven--a place of destination--for millions yearning to live free from the crushing yoke of religious persecution and intolerance.
Over the two centuries of our independence--and for far more than a century prior to that--Americans have sought to protect, shield and safeguard the exercise of religious belief from unwarranted and intrusive government interference.
One exemplary feature enshrined in U.S. law, at local, state and federal levels, is the consistent legal concept that no one can legally discriminate against anyone in terms of educational opportunity, employment, or housing due to one's faith or religion or creed. An offended party--say someone who has been denied a job or access to education because of their religion--has recourse in our courts to hold the offending party to account. And each law prescribes appropriate penalties to compel compliance.
The protection in law and in practice of religion contained in the U.S. is not without blemish or flaw, however, but is an ongoing work in progress. And even good laws without adequate enforcement can become mere words.
Nevertheless, religious liberty, in my view, is the single most tangible reason why America has prospered in so many ways. Our strength isn't in our military might or even in our economy but in our collective faith. Moreover, this noble experiment in church freedom has produced enormously beneficial consequences and blessings. Indeed, strong families, ethnic and religious diversity and the zeitgeist of our people who, having tasted religious freedom, fully expect and demand all the other mutually reinforcing human rights, like speech and assembly.
Because the religious freedom Americans enjoy is largely inherited, I can only guess how difficult it must be for victims that have no such legacy to transform themselves from persecutor to protector of religious liberty. My generation of Americans was bequeathed a wonderful gift by our forefathers--a gift to preserve and strengthen. You who have endured dictatorships have an opportunity to leave your children a great gift and they indeed will bless you for it.
Mr. President, during my first term in Congress in 1981, both my wife and I read a powerful book entitled "Tortured for Christ" by Pastor Richard Wurmbrand of Romania. For his faithfulness to the Gospel of Jesus Christ, Pastor Wurmbrand was incarcerated for more than a dozen years and subjected to unthinkable torture, deprivations and other horrors. Yet he--andnd countless brave souls in Romania and in other dictatorships--not only endured but overcame hate with agape love. They radiated the love of Christ to those who mocked and hated them, thus overcoming evil with good, and their good example continues to inspire and astonish.
For me, Pastor Wurmbrand's admonishment to the free believers in the West to speak out for the persecuted church was a direct challenge that simply could not be dismissed, wished away or trivialized. As some of you know, I am very active in a broad spectrum of human rights causes--from ending human trafficking, to protection of unborn babies from the violence of abortion, to refugee protection, to laws designed to end violence against women and condemnation of anti-Semitism. Why do this? Because of the moral imperative--a divine invitation--to be our brother and sister's keeper.
For me, my commitment springs from my Catholic faith--but it is clear this elemental teaching can be found in all the world's great religions and compels us to treat the disenfranchised and weak with compassion. My motivating scripture is Matthew 25. Jesus said, "Whatever you do to the least of my brethren, you do likewise to me." I, like every parliamentarian in this room, occupies a strategic position to alleviate suffering and pain which imposes on us an awesome responsibility to act.
A few years ago, a group of us in the U.S. created a new law entitled the "International Religious Freedom Act." The uninformed cynic would argue that we should not mettle in other nation's affairs. Some say to intervene is to be a nuisance. Some say we are arrogant. Let me note here none of these criticisms could be further from the truth. We did it (just as I wrote America's anti-trafficking in persons law), because human rights are universal and cannot be abridged by selfish and cruel policies. We took bold action because we were inspired to act by brave individuals like Pastor Richard Wurmbrand of Romania, Alexander Solzhenitsyn of Russia, Armando Valladares of Cuba, Yuri Kosharovsky or Natan Sharansky, and Bishop Su of China. They never quit nor tired in their opposition to tyranny. Can anyone of us do less? Especially when we are the lawmakers?
The International Religious Freedom Act, like the anti-human trafficking law, with its extensive annual reports, intense scrutiny and sanctions, is a major irritant in the smooth conduct of everyday foreign policy. No apology should ever be made, however, for speaking truth to power, especially in defense of the innocent. Real respect for individuals and nations requires genuine honesty, which diplomatic niceties often obscure and crowd out. Real friends do not let their friends commit human rights abuses.
The International Religious Freedom Act created two new entities, one private and one governmental, the Commission on International Religious Freedom and the U.S. State Department Office of International Religious Freedom. They were created in the hope that the country by country analysis of the state of religious freedom would be accurate and the implementation of action plans would lead to reform.
A new Ambassador at Large for Religious Freedom was created by the Act and the designation of "Country of Particular Concern" (CPC) was also established for those states whose religious repression is "systematic, ongoing and egregious," which includes torture, or cruel, inhumane or degrading treatment or punishment.
Current CPC countries include China, for its gross mistreatment of Tibetan Buddhists, the Uighers, Christians and Falun Gong, as well as Burma, Iran, Iraq, North Korea and Sudan. Based on their poor record, Saudi Arabia, Vietnam and Turkmenistan are other possible CPC nations.
I think it is important to note that we wrote both the trafficking law and the religious freedom law in a way to foster, encourage and provide technical assistance to enable nations to matriculate from abusers to guarantors of human rights.
So, let this OSCE PA Conference on Religious Freedom be a call to action for each of us in our home countries to share and conform with internationally recognized norms and to rid our lands of religious persecution and intolerance.
As parliamentarians, let us work hard to enact new, enlightened laws to safeguard the right of religion and conscience.
Let us use our strategic position to investigate, ask tough questions back home, visit incarcerated believers, and press for an end to repression. One man or woman with conviction is worth a thousand with an interest.
Colleagues, we are the lawmakers, let's make wise laws together, laws that will make a positive and sustainable difference.
The United States Helsinki Commission, an independent federal agency, by law monitors and encourages progress in implementing provisions of the Helsinki Accords. The Commission, created in 1976, is composed of nine Senators, nine Representatives and one official each from the Departments of State, Defense and Commerce.